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Yugoslavia national football team

Yugoslavia national football teamDescription : The Yugoslavia national football team represented the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941, until 1929 as Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes), and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1943–1992, until November 29, 1945 as Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, 29 November 1945–1963 as Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia) in association football. It enjoyed success in international competition. In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, the team was suspended from international competition as part... Page:y1

This article is about the 1920–92 team representing the SFR Yugoslavia and its predecessor states. For the team representing FR Yugoslavia after the breakup of Yugoslavia, see Serbia and Montenegro national football team.
Yugoslavia
Yugoslav Football Federation 1990.png
Nickname(s)Beli Orlovi (White Eagles)
Plavi (The Blues)
Brazilians of Europe
AssociationFootball Association
of Yugoslavia
Most capsDragan Džajić (85)
(SFRY)
Top scorerStjepan Bobek (38)
(SFRY)
Home stadiumRed Star Stadium, Belgrade
FIFA codeYUG
First colours
Second colours
First international
 Czechoslovakia 7–0 KY Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Antwerp, Belgium; August 28, 1920)
After 1945
 Czechoslovakia 0–2 SFRY Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; May 9, 1945)
Last International as SFRY
 Netherlands 2–0 SFRY Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; March 25, 1992)
Biggest win
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia SFRY 10–0 Venezuela Venezuela
(Curitiba, Brazil; June 14, 1972)
Biggest defeat
 Czechoslovakia 7–0 KY Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Antwerp, Belgium; August 28, 1920)
 Uruguay 7–0 KY Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Paris, France; May 26, 1924)
 Czechoslovakia 7–0 KY Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Prague, Czechoslovakia; October 28, 1925)
World Cup
Appearances8 (First in 1930)
Best resultFourth place, 1930 and 1962
European Championship
Appearances4 (First in 1960)
Best resultRunners-up, 1960 and 1968
Medal record
Yugoslavia national football team
Medal record
Men's Football
Olympic Games
Gold medal – first place1960 RomeTeam
Silver medal – second place1948 LondonTeam
Silver medal – second place1952 HelsinkiTeam
Silver medal – second place1956 MelbourneTeam
Bronze medal – third place1984 Los AngelesTeam
Mediterranean Games
Gold medal – first place1971 İzmirTeam
Gold medal – first place1979 SplitTeam

The Yugoslavia national football team represented the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941, until 1929 as Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes), and the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1943–1992, until November 29, 1945 as Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, 29 November 1945–1963 as Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia) in association football. It enjoyed success in international competition. In 1992, during the Yugoslav wars, the team was suspended from international competition as part of a United Nations sanction. In 1994, when the boycott was lifted, it was succeeded by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia national football team.

Serbia national football team inherited Yugoslavia's spot within FIFA and UEFA and is considered by both organisations as the only successor of Yugoslavia.

History

Yugoslavia at the 1924 Summer Olympics.

The first national team was in the kingdom that existed between the two world wars. The Football Federation of what was then the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was founded in Zagreb in 1919 under the name Jugoslovenski nogometni savez (and admitted into FIFA), and the national team played its first international game at the Summer Olympics in Antwerp in 1920. The opponent was Czechoslovakia, and the historic starting eleven that represented Kingdom of SCS on its debut were: Dragutin Vrđuka, Vjekoslav Župančić, Jaroslav Šifer, Stanko Tavčar, Slavin Cindrić, Rudolf Rupec, Dragutin Vragović, Artur Dubravčić, Emil Perška, Ivan Granec, and Jovan Ružić. They lost by a huge margin 0–7, but nonetheless got their names in the history books.

1930 World Cup

A Yugoslavia line-up in the 1930 FIFA World Cup.

In 1929, the country was renamed to Yugoslavia and the football association became Fudbalski Savez Jugoslavije and moved its headquarters to Belgrade. The national team participated at the 1930 FIFA World Cup, finishing in fourth place. In its first ever World Cup match in Montevideo's Parque Central, Yugoslavia managed a famous 2–1 win versus mighty Brazil, with the following starting eleven representing the country: Milovan Jakšić, Branislav Sekulić, Aleksandar Tirnanić, Milutin Ivković, Ivica Bek, Momčilo Đokić, Blagoje Marjanović, Milorad Arsenijević, Đorđe Vujadinović, Dragoslav Mihajlović, and Ljubiša Stefanović. The national team consisted of players based in Serbian football clubs, while the Zagreb Subassociation forbid players from Croatian clubs, some of which were regulars in the national team until then, to play in the World Cup due to the relocation of football association's headquarters from Zagreb to Belgrade.

Silver Medal at 1948 Summer Olympics

Yugoslavia begin their football campaign by defeating Luxembourg 6–1, with five different players scoring the goals. In the quarter-finals and the semi-finals, they would take out Turkey and Great Britain by the same score of 3–1. In the final though, they would lose to Sweden.

Silver Medal at 1952 Summer Olympics

Having a team with many players from the 1948 generation, Yugoslavia was a formidable side at the 1952 Summer Olympics and finished as runners-up behind the famous "Golden Team" representing Hungary. Against the USSR, Yugoslavia was 5–1 up with 15 minutes of their first round match to go. The Yugoslavs, understandably, put their feet up. Arthur Ellis, the match referee, recorded what happened next in his book, The Final Whistle (London, 1963): "The USSR forced the most honourable draw ever recorded! [Vsevolod] Bobrov, their captain, scored a magnificent hat-trick. After the USSR had reduced the lead to 5–2, he, almost single-handed, took the score to 5–5, scoring his third in the last minute. For once, use of the word sensational was justified." Although Bobrov's early goal in their replay presaged a miraculous recovery, Yugoslavia recovered sufficiently to put out their opponents easily in the second half.

Later decades

The federation and football overall was disrupted by World War II. After the war, a socialist federation was formed and the football federation reconstituted. It was one of the founding members of the UEFA and it organized the 1976 European Championship played in Belgrade and Zagreb. The national team participated in eight World Cups, four Euros, and won the Olympic football tournament in 1960 at the Summer Games (they also finished second three times and third once).

Dragan Džajić holds the record for the most national team caps at 85, between 1964 and 1979. The best scorer is Stjepan Bobek with 38 goals, between 1946 and 1956.

Dissolution and UN embargo

With the end of the Cold War, democratic principles were introduced to the country which brought about the end of Titoist rule. In the subsequent atmosphere, national tensions were heightened. At the Yugoslavia-Netherlands friendly in preparation for the 1990 World Cup, the Croatian crowd in Zagreb jeered the Yugoslav team and anthem and waved Dutch flags (owing to its resemblance to the Croatian tricolour). With the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the team split up and the remaining team of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) was banned from competing at Euro 92. The decision was made on May 31, 1992, just 10 days before the competition commenced.

They had finished top of their qualifying group, but were unable to play in the competition due to United Nations Security Council Resolution 757. Their place was taken by Denmark, who went on to win the competition. Yugoslavia had also been drawn as the top seed in Group 5 of the European Zone in the qualifying tournament for the 1994 World Cup. FRY was barred from competing, rendering the group unusually weak.

Breakup

After the breakup of Yugoslavia, the FRY consisted of Montenegro and Serbia. The national team of Serbia and Montenegro continued under the name Yugoslavia until 2003, when country and team were renamed Serbia and Montenegro. For the later official football teams, see:

  • Bosnia and Herzegovina national football team (member of UEFA and FIFA since 1990s)
  • Croatia national football team (member of UEFA and FIFA since 1990s)
  • Slovenia national football team (member of UEFA and FIFA since 1990s)
  • Republic of Macedonia national football team (member of UEFA and FIFA since 1990s)
  • Serbia and Montenegro national football team, (considered successor of Yugoslavia) later
    • Montenegro national football team (member of UEFA and FIFA since 2006)
    • Serbia national football team (considered successor of Serbia and Montenegro)

National teams

Former republics

Both FIFA and UEFA consider the Serbian national team to be the direct and sole successor of the Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Yugoslavia, SFR Yugoslavia and FR Yugoslavia) and Serbia and Montenegro national football teams. The teams of other republics were inducted as fully new members.

NationInternational Tournament (s)FIFA Active
 CroatiaUEFA Euro 1996
1998 FIFA World Cup
2002 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2004
2006 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2008
UEFA Euro 2012
2014 FIFA World Cup
UEFA Euro 2016
(since 1991)
 Serbia1998 FIFA World Cup (represented Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)
UEFA Euro 2000 (represented Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)
2006 FIFA World Cup (represented State Union of Serbia and Montenegro)
2010 FIFA World Cup (represented Republic of Serbia)
(various)
 SloveniaUEFA Euro 2000
2002 FIFA World Cup
2010 FIFA World Cup
(since 1991)
 Bosnia and Herzegovina2014 FIFA World Cup(since 1996)
 Macedonia(since 1991)
 Montenegro(since 2007)

Serbian province

NationInternational Tournament (s)FIFA Active
 Kosovo(since 2016)

Additional stats:

  • Croatia has/will appear at their 9th major tournament since the independence, most by any other former republic;
  • Croatia's 3rd-place finish at 1998 FIFA World Cup is the best result at a major tournament by any other former republic;
  • Croatia was the first former Yugoslav nation to qualify to a major tournament after independence;
  • Slovenia has only qualified for major tournaments via play-offs (3);
  • Croatia were seeded inside Pot 1 of FIFA World Cup qualifications on 3 successive occasions, in 2010, 2014 and 2018 FIFA World Cup qualifiers, after FR Yugoslavia who were seeded once in 2002 FIFA World Cup qualification;
  • Only three former Yugoslav republics were ever seeded inside Pot 1 in the history of UEFA European Championship qualifying competition, after FR Yugoslavia (UEFA Euro 2000 qualifying), Croatia (UEFA Euro 2012 qualifying) and Bosnia (Euro 2016 qualifying);
  • No former SFR Yugoslav republic was ever seeded or in Pot 1 at finals of a major tournament;
  • Niko Kranjčar played for Croatia at 2006 FIFA World Cup under his father – head coach Zlatko Kranjčar; likewise Tino-Sven Sušić played for Bosnia at 2014 FIFA World Cup under his uncle – head coach Safet Sušić.

Youth teams

The under-21 team won the inaugural UEFA U-21 Championship in 1978.

The Yugoslav under-20 team won the FIFA World Youth Championship 1987.

Kit history

Kingdom

1930.

SFRY

1950–1962
1974
1982
1984
1990

Competitive record

FIFA World Cup record

Main article: Yugoslavia at the FIFA World Cup

     Champions       Runners-up       Third Place       Fourth Place  

FIFA World Cup recordQualification Record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquadsPldWDLGFGA
Uruguay 1930Semi-finals4th320177SquadInvited
Kingdom of Italy 1934Did Not Qualify
French Fourth Republic 1938
Brazil 1950Group Stage5th320173Squad
Switzerland 1954Quarter-final7th311123Squad
Sweden 1958Quarter-final5th412177Squad
Chile 1962Fourth Place4th6303107Squad
England 1966Did Not Qualify
Mexico 1970
West Germany 19742nd Group Stage7th6123127Squad
Argentina 1978Did Not Qualify
Spain 1982Group Stage16th311122Squad
Mexico 1986Did Not Qualify
Italy 1990Quarter-final5th531186Squad
United States 1994Banned Banned
TotalFourth Place8/1533147125542

UEFA European Championship record

     Champions       Runners-up       Third Place       Fourth Place  

UEFA European Championship recordQualification Record
YearRoundPositionPldWDLGFGASquadsPldWDLGFGA
France 1960Runners-up2nd210166Squad
Francoist Spain 1964Did Not Qualify
Italy 1968Runners-up2nd311123Squad
Belgium 1972Did Not Qualify
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1976Fourth Place4th200247Squad
Italy 1980Did Not Qualify
France 1984Group Stage3003210Squad
West Germany 1988Did Not Qualify
Sweden 1992Qualified****
TotalRunners-up4/9102171426
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**There was no third place playoff, but Yugoslavia was awarded with bronze medal

Most capped players

#NameCareerCapsGoals
1Dragan Džajić1964–19798523
2Zlatko Vujović1979–19907025
3Branko Zebec1951–19616517
4Stjepan Bobek1946–19566338
5Branko Stanković1946–1956613
6Faruk Hadžibegić1982–1992616
7Ivica Horvat1946–1956600
8Vladimir Beara1950–1959590
9Rajko Mitić1946–19575932
10Bernard Vukas1948–19575922
11Vujadin Boškov1951–1958570
12Blagoje Marjanović1926–19385736
13Jovan Aćimović1968–1976553
14Zlatko Čajkovski1946–1955557
15Fahrudin Jusufi1959–1967550
16Mehmed Baždarević1982–1992544
17Ivica Šurjak1973–19825410
18Safet Sušić1977–19905421
19Milorad Arsenijević1927–1936520
20Dragan Holcer1965–1974520
21Tomislav Crnković1952–1960510
22Milan Galić1959–19655137
23Aleksandar Tirnanić1929–19405012
24Vladimir Durković1959–1966500
25Milutin Šoškić1959–1966500
26Branko Oblak1970–1977508

Head to head records

OpponentPWDL
 Albania5410
 Algeria1100
 Argentina6213
 Austria17845
 Belgium11524
 Bolivia2110
 Brazil14266
 Bulgaria281756
 Chile1001
 Colombia3300
 Cyprus4400
 Czechoslovakia319418
 Denmark9702
 East Germany6321
 Ecuador1001
 Egypt5401
 England14455
 Ethiopia1100
 Faroe Islands2200
 Finland4211
 France251078
 Greece201622
 Honduras1100
 Hong Kong1100
 Hungary295915
 India2200
 Indonesia3300
 Iran2110
 Israel9612
 Italy18468
 Japan2200
 South Korea3300
 Luxembourg9810
 Mexico4301
 Morocco3300
 Netherlands7313
 Northern Ireland7511
 Norway12912
 Paraguay2110
 Poland19649
 Portugal5203
 Republic of Ireland2101
 Romania4017518
 Saar1100
 Scotland8152
 Soviet Union172411
 Spain16547
 Sweden11524
  Switzerland9522
 United Arab Emirates1100
 Tunisia4301
 Turkey11731
 United States1100
 Uruguay4202
 Venezuela1100
 Wales7430
 West Germany258314
 Zaire1100

Head coaches

Head coachPeriodRecord
MatchesWonDrawnLost
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivica Osim1986–199251271014
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivan Toplak
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivica Osim
19863111
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miloš Milutinović1984–198515735
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Todor Veselinović1982–198418936
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić1979–1982221822
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dražan Jerković19781100
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Mladinić19782002
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slavko Luštica19780000
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Stevan Vilotić19782020
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Marko Valok
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Stevan Vilotić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Gojko Zec
19776123
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ivan Toplak1976–19778206
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ante Mladinić1974–197615924
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Ribar
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Sulejman Rebac
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tomislav Ivić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milovan Ćirić
1973–197411335
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vujadin Boškov1971–19732710125
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Rajko Mitić1967–197034131011
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Rajko Mitić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Vujadin Boškov
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Stanković
19664202
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
19662011
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Antolković
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
19663102
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milan Antolković
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Miljan Miljanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Abdulah Gegić
19657232
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić196411317
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hugo Ruševljanin
1963–19647502
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Prvoslav Mihajlović
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Hugo Ruševljanin
1961–1963221525
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dragomir Nikolić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Ljubomir Lovrić
1959–1961291685
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić1955–195834131110
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Pešić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Leo Lemešić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Franjo Wölfl
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milovan Ćirić
19549522
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milorad Arsenijević
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Leo Lemešić
1952–1954181422
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milorad Arsenijević1949–1952231535
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Milorad Arsenijević
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Aleksandar Tirnanić
1946–1948181215
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Svetozar Popović1940–19413120
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović1939–19404112
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Svetozar Popović19391001
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović19394103
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Svetozar Popović1937–193813454
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Nikola Simić19364112
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović19355320
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Ivo Šuste
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Mata Miodragović
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Petar Pleše
1934–19356303
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović1933–19346312
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Branislav Veljković19336312
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Boško Simonović1930–19322412111
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Ante Pandaković1926–1930197210
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Dušan Zinaja1924–19253003
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Todor Sekulić19241001
Kingdom of Yugoslavia Veljko Ugrinić1920–192410316
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