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Udomlya

UdomlyaDescription : Udomlya (Russian: Удо́мля) is a town and the administrative center of Udomelsky District in Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the shores of Lake Pesvo on the Rybinsk–Bologoye railway, 225 kilometers (140 mi) north of Tver, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 31,061 (2010 Census); 31,961 (2002 Census); 30,751 (1989 Census).It was founded in 1869 as a settlement serving the railway station of Troitsa (Троица). At the time, it was a part of Vyshnevolotsky Uyezd of Tver Govern... Page:u

Udomlya
Удомля
-  Town  -
Udomlya central square 02.jpg

Central square in Udomlya

Coat of arms
Map of Russia - Tver Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tver Oblast in Russia
Udomlya is located in Tver Oblast
Udomlya
Udomlya
Location of Udomlya in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 57°53′N 35°00′E / 57.883°N 35.000°E / 57.883; 35.000Coordinates: 57°53′N 35°00′E / 57.883°N 35.000°E / 57.883; 35.000
Administrative status (as of December 2012)
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTver Oblast
Administrative districtUdomelsky District
Urban settlementUdomlya
Administrative center ofUdomelsky District, Udomlya Urban Settlement
Municipal status (as of October 2011)
Municipal districtUdomelsky Municipal District
Urban settlementUdomlya Urban Settlement
Administrative center ofUdomelsky Municipal District, Udomlya Urban Settlement
Statistics
Population (2010 Census)31,061 inhabitants
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)
Founded1869
Town status sinceSeptember 11, 1981
Previous namesTroitsa (until 1904)
Postal code(s)171841–171843
Official website
Udomlya on Wikimedia Commons

Udomlya (Russian: Удо́мля) is a town and the administrative center of Udomelsky District in Tver Oblast, Russia, located on the shores of Lake Pesvo on the Rybinsk–Bologoye railway, 225 kilometers (140 mi) north of Tver, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 31,061 (2010 Census); 31,961 (2002 Census); 30,751 (1989 Census).

History

It was founded in 1869 as a settlement serving the railway station of Troitsa (Троица). At the time, it was a part of Vyshnevolotsky Uyezd of Tver Governorate. Troitsa was renamed Udomlya in 1904.

On July 12, 1929, the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Udomelsky District, with the administrative center in Udomlya, was established within Tver Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935, Udomelsky District was transferred to newly established Kalinin Oblast. In January 1961, Udomlya was granted work settlement status. In February 1963, during the abortive administrative reform by Nikita Khrushchev, Udomelsky District was merged into Bologovsky District, but in January 1965 it was re-established. Between 1974 and 1984, the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant was constructed. On September 11, 1981, Udomlya was granted town status. In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Udomlya serves as the administrative center of Udomelsky District. As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Udomelsky District as Udomlya Urban Settlement. As a municipal division, this administrative unit also has urban settlement status and is a part of Udomelsky Municipal District.

Economy

Industry

Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant

The main industrial enterprise in Udomlya is the Kalinin Nuclear Power Plant (98% volume of industrial production in Udomlya District, 70 % of electric power produced in Tver Oblast and 2,5 % of goods and products of Tver Oblast). There are also enterprises of timber and food industries.

Transportation

The railway connecting Rybinsk and Bologoye via Bezhetsk passes Udomlya.

Udomlya has access to the road which connects Maksatikha and Vyshny Volochyok. There are also local roads, with bus traffic originating from Udomlya.

Culture and recreation

Udomlya contains four objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance, which are the Gudzovsky warehouse, built in 1882, a building where a Young Pioneer club was located, a monument to soldiers fallen in World War II, and a monument to Alexander Popov.

There is a local museum in Udomlya. The former Dacha Chayka on the shores of Lake Udomlya, located close to the town, which belonged to artist Vitold Byalynitsky-Birulya, is also open as a museum.

Russian painters Alexey Venetsianov in the 19th century and Isaac Levitan at the turn of the 20th century lived and worked in the surroundings of Udomlya.

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