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Theodoric I, Margrave of Meissen

Theodoric I, Margrave of MeissenDescription : Dietrich I (11 March 1162 – 18 January 1221), called the Oppressed, was the Margrave of Meissen from 1198 until his death. He was the second son of Otto II, Margrave of Meissen and Hedwig of Brandenburg.Dietrich fell out with his brother, Albrecht the Proud as his mother persuaded his father to change the succession so that Dietrich was given the Margraviate of Meißen and Albrecht (although the older son) the Margraviate of Weißenfels. Albrecht took his father prisoner to try to make him retu... Page:t176

Dietrich I/II
Margrave of Meissen and Lusatia
Hrobka4.jpg
Margrave of Meissen
Reign1198–1221
PredecessorHenry VI, Holy Roman Emperor
SuccessorHenry III
Margrave of Lusatia
Reign1210–1221
PredecessorConrad II
SuccessorHenry IV
Born(1162-03-11)11 March 1162
Died18 January 1221(1221-01-18) (aged 58)
SpouseJutta of Thuringia
IssueHedwig
Otto
Sophia
Konrad (illegitimate)
Jutta
Henry the Illustrious
Dietrich II of Meißen (illegitimate son)
Heinrich (illegitimate son)
HouseHouse of Wettin
FatherOtto II, Margrave of Meissen
MotherHedwig of Brandenburg

Dietrich I (11 March 1162 – 18 January 1221), called the Oppressed, was the Margrave of Meissen from 1198 until his death. He was the second son of Otto II, Margrave of Meissen and Hedwig of Brandenburg.

Biography

Dietrich fell out with his brother, Albrecht the Proud as his mother persuaded his father to change the succession so that Dietrich was given the Margraviate of Meißen and Albrecht (although the older son) the Margraviate of Weißenfels. Albrecht took his father prisoner to try to make him return the succession to the way it had been. After Otto obtained his release by order of the emperor Frederick I, he had only just renewed the war when he died in 1190. Albrecht took back the Meißen margraviate from his brother. Dietrich attempted to regain the margraviate, supported by Landgraf Hermann I of Thuringia, whose daughter he was married to. In 1195, however, he left on a pilgrimage to Palestine.

Dietrich I, Margrave of Meissen (1195–1221) and Henry III, Margrave of Meissen (1221–1288); Fürstenzug, Dresden, Germany

Albrecht's Death

After Albrecht's death in 1195, leaving no children, Meissen, with its rich mines, was seized by the emperor Henry VI as a vacant fief of the empire. Dietrich finally came into possession of his inheritance two years later on Henry's death.

At the time of the struggle between the two rival kings Philip of Swabia and Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Phillip gave Dietrich the tenure of the march of Meißen again. After that time, Dietrich was on Phillip's side and remained true to the Staufer even after Phillip was murdered in 1208.

Dietrich became caught up in dangerous disagreements with the city of Leipzig and the Meißen nobility. After a fruitless siege of Leipzig, in 1217 he agreed to a settlement but then took over the city by trickery, had the city walls taken down and built three castles of his own within the city, full of his own men.

Death

Margrave Dietrich died on 18 February 1221, possibly poisoned by his doctor, instigated into doing so by the people of Leipzig and the dissatisfied nobility. He left behind a widow, Jutta of Thuringia, daughter of Hermann I, Landgrave of Thuringia. Some of his children had already died.

Ancestors

Ancestors of Theodoric I, Margrave of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Dietrich II of Wettin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Thimo the Brave, Count of Wettin
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Mathilde of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Conrad, Margrave of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Otto of Nordheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Ida of Nordheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Richenza of Swabia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Otto II, Margrave of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Adalbert of Elchingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Adalbert of Ravenstein
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Ne of Achalm
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Luitgard of Ravenstein
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Frederick I, Duke of Swabia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Bertha of Hohenstaufen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Agnes of Germany
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Theodoric I, Margrave of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Adalbert II, Count of Ballenstedt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Otto, Count of Ballenstedt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Adelheid of Meissen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Albert the Bear
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Magnus, Duke of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Eilika of Saxony
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Sophia of Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Hedwig of Brandenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Meginhard IV of Formbach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Hermann I, Count of Winzenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Matilda of Reinhausen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Sophie of Winzenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Hedwig
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Notes and references

  1. ^ Heinrich Theodor Flathe: Dietrich der Bedrängte. In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 5, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1877, p. 186-187 (German)
Theodoric I, Margrave of Meissen
House of Wettin
Born: 11 March 1162 Died: 18 January 1221
Preceded by
Emperor Henry VI
Margrave of Meissen
1198–1221
Succeeded by
Henry III
Preceded by
Conrad II
Margrave of Lusatia
1210–1221
Authority control
  • WorldCat Identities
  • VIAF: 51412990
  • GND: 115803424
  • SUDOC: 09203196X
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