Home Tourism

Odessa Soviet Republic

Odessa Soviet RepublicDescription : FlagThe Odessa Soviet Republic (OSR; Ukrainian: Одеська Радянська Республіка; Russian: Одесская Советская Республика) was a short-lived Soviet republic formed on January 31 [O.S. January 18] 1918 from parts of the Kherson and Bessarabia Governorates of the former Russian Empire.The republic was proclaimed during the Bolshevik invasion of Ukraine immediately before Bolshevik forces pushed the Ukrainian government out of Kiev and Sfatul Ţării proclaimed the independence of the Moldavi... Page:o

Odessa Soviet Republic
Одесская Советская Республика
Puppet state of Soviet Russia

 

1918


Flag

Area claimed by the Odessa Soviet Republic
on March 1, 1918.
CapitalCity of Odessa
LanguagesRussian
GovernmentSoviet republic
ChairmanVladimir Yudovsky
LegislatureCouncil of the People's Commissars
Historical eraWorld War I
 • Republic proclaimed5 January 1918
 • Disestablished13 March 1918
CurrencyOdessa ruble
Today part of
  •  Ukraine
  •  Moldova
Part of a series on the
History of Ukraine
Coat of arms of Ukraine
Prehistory
  • Trypillian–Cucuteni culture
  • Yamna culture
  • Catacomb culture
  • Cimmeria
  • Taurica
  • Scythia
  • Bosporan Kingdom
  • Sarmatia
  • Zarubintsy culture
  • Chernyakhov culture
  • Hunnic Empire
Early history
  • Early East Slavs
  • Onoghuria
  • White Croatia
  • Rus' Khaganate
  • Khazars
  • Kievan Rus'
  • Galicia–Volhynia
  • Cumania
  • Mongol invasion of Rus'
  • Golden Horde
  • Principality of Moldavia
  • Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  • Crimean Khanate
Early modern history
  • Cossacks
  • Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • Zaporozhian Host
  • Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • The Ruin
  • Cossack Hetmanate
  • Left bank
  • Sloboda Ukraine
  • Right bank
  • Danube
  • Russian Empire
  • Little Russia
  • New Russia
  • Habsburg Monarchy
  • Kingdom of Galicia
  • Bukovina
  • Carpathian Ruthenia
Modern history
  • Ukraine during World War I
  • Ukraine after the Revolution
  • Ukrainian Civil War
  • Ukrainian People's Republic
  • West Ukrainian People's Republic
  • Ukrainian State
  • Directorate of Ukraine
  • Ukrainian SSR
  • Communist Party of Ukraine
  • Holodomor
  • Ukraine in World War II
  • Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists
  • Chernobyl
  • Cassette Scandal
  • Orange Revolution
  • Russia–Ukraine gas disputes
  • Euromaidan
  • Crimean Crisis
Topics by history
  • Name of Ukraine
  • Historical regions
  • Christianity in Ukraine
Ukraine portal
  • v
  • t
  • e

The Odessa Soviet Republic (OSR; Ukrainian: Одеська Радянська Республіка; Russian: Одесская Советская Республика) was a short-lived Soviet republic formed on January 31 [O.S. January 18] 1918 from parts of the Kherson and Bessarabia Governorates of the former Russian Empire.

Brief description

See also: Odessa Bolshevik Uprising

The republic was proclaimed during the Bolshevik invasion of Ukraine immediately before Bolshevik forces pushed the Ukrainian government out of Kiev and Sfatul Ţării proclaimed the independence of the Moldavian Democratic Republic. The Odessa Soviet's governing body was the Rumcherod, formed in May 1917 shortly after the February Revolution. After its Second Congress, the OSR's Soviet was chaired by Vladimir Yudovsky. He had been installed after a pro-Bolshevik coup d'état organized by the Narkom Nikolai Krylenko.

In January 1918, Yudovsky was appointed Chairman of the local Council of the People's Commissars and formed a government that included Bolsheviks, anarchists and members of the Socialist-Revolutionary Party. The government proclaimed Odessa a free city and pledged allegiance to the Bolshevik government in Petrograd. The following month, the government was liquidated by Mikhail Muravyov and merged with the regional Central Executive Committee Rumcherod.

The city issued its own postage stamps and money. Amid the instability generated by the Civil War, these had greater value than money issued by the former Tsarist central government.

Political instability meant that the OSR was not recognized by any other government, including Russian Bolsheviks, during its brief existence. The Republic did manage to stop the advancing Romanian Armed Forces at the Dniester and conduct a series of counter-attacks. However, the Republic ceased to exist when it was sacked by German and Austro-Hungarian troops on March 13, 1918, two months after its creation, following the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk between the Central Powers, Ukrainian People's Republic and Petrograd Sovnarkom. The government and army evacuated first to Nikolayev, then to Sevastopol and finally to Rostov-on-Don.

Odessan five-rouble note, 1917.
Copyright 2008-2017 www.21pw.com