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List of political parties in India

List of political parties in IndiaDescription : Executive:Parliament:Judiciary:National coalitions:State Level:Local Governments:India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based... Page:l962

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India has a multi-party system with recognition accorded to national and state and District level parties. The status is reviewed periodically by the Election Commission of India. Other political parties that wish to contest local, state or national elections are required to be registered by the Election Commission of India (ECI). Registered parties are upgraded as recognized national or state level parties based upon objective criteria. A recognized party enjoys privileges like reserved party symbol, free broadcast time on state run television and radio, consultation in setting of election dates and giving inputs in setting electoral rules and regulations.

This listing is according to the Indian general election, 2014 and Legislative Assembly elections and any party aspiring to State or National party status must fulfil at least one of the concerned criteria. In addition, national and state parties have to fulfill these conditions for all subsequent Lok Sabha or State elections, or else they lose their status. As of 16 September 2014, the total number of parties registered was 1761, with six national, 49 state and 1706 unrecognised parties.

All registered parties contesting elections need to choose a symbol from a list of available symbols offered by the EC. All 29 states of the country along with the union territories of Puducherry and the National Capital Territory of Delhi have elected governments unless President's rule is imposed under certain conditions.

National

A registered party is recognised as a National Party only if it fulfils any one of the following three conditions:

  1. The party wins 2% of seats in the Lok Sabha (as of 2014, 11 seats) from at least 3 different States.
  2. At a General Election to Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly, the party polls 6% of votes in four States and in addition it wins 4 Lok Sabha seats.
  3. A party gets recognition as State Party in four or more States.
Recognised national parties as of 2 September 2016
No.NameAbbreviationFoundation
year
Current leader(s)
1Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP1980Amit Shah
2Indian National CongressINC1885Sonia Gandhi
3Communist Party of India (Marxist)CPI-M1964Sitaram Yechury
4Communist Party of IndiaCPI1925Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy
5Bahujan Samaj PartyBSP1984Mayawati
6Nationalist Congress PartyNCP1999Sharad Pawar
7All India Trinamool CongressAITC1998Mamata Banerjee

State

A registered party has to fulfill any of the following conditions for recognition as a State Party:

  1. A party should win minimum three percent of the total number of seats or a minimum of three seats in the Legislative Assembly.
  2. A party should win at least one seat in the Lok Sabha for every 25 seats or any fraction thereof allotted to that State.
  3. A political party should secure at least six percent of the total valid votes polled during general election to a Lok Sabha or State Legislative Assembly and should, in addition, win at least one Lok Sabha, and two Legislative Assembly seats in that election,
  4. Under the liberalized criteria, one more clause has been added to provide that even if a Party fails to win any seat in a State in a general election to the Lok Sabha or Legislative Assembly of the State, the party will still be eligible for recognition as State Party if it secures 8% or more of the total valid votes polled in the State.
Recognised state parties as of 16 September 2014
No.NameAbbreviationFoundation
Year
Current leader(s)States/UT
1Aam Aadmi PartyAAP2012Arvind KejriwalDelhi, Punjab
2All India Anna Dravida Munnetra KazhagamAIADMK1972JayalalithaaPuducherry, Tamil Nadu
3All India Forward BlocAIFB1939Debabrata BiswasWest Bengal
4All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimeenAIMIM1927Asaduddin OwaisiTelangana
5All India N.R. CongressAINRC2011N. RangasamyPuducherry
6All India United Democratic FrontAIUDF2004Badruddin AjmalAssam
7All Jharkhand Students UnionAJSU1986Sudesh MahtoJharkhand
8Asom Gana ParishadAGP1985Prafulla Kumar MahantaAssam
9Biju Janata DalBJD1997Naveen PatnaikOdisha
10Bodoland People's FrontBPF1985Hagrama MohilaryAssam
11Desiya Murpokku Dravidar KazhagamDMDK2005VijayakanthTamil Nadu
12Dravida Munnetra KazhagamDMK1949M. KarunanidhiPuducherry, Tamil Nadu
13Haryana Janhit Congress (BL)HJC(BL)2007Kuldeep BishnoiHaryana
14Hill State People's Democratic PartyHSPDP1968H.S. LyngdohMeghalaya
15Indian National Lok DalINLD1999Om Prakash ChautalaHaryana
16Indian Union Muslim LeagueIUML1948E. AhamedKerala
17Jammu & Kashmir National ConferenceJKNC1932Omar AbdullahJammu & Kashmir
18Jammu & Kashmir National Panthers PartyJKNPP1982Bhim SinghJammu & Kashmir
19Jammu and Kashmir People's Democratic PartyJKPDP1998Mehbooba MuftiJammu & Kashmir
20Janata Dal (Secular)JD(S)1999H.D. Deve GowdaKarnataka, Kerala
21Janata Dal (United)JD(U)1999Nitish KumarBihar
22Jharkhand Mukti MorchaJMM1972Shibu SorenJharkhand
23Jharkhand Vikas Morcha (Prajatantrik)JVM(P)2006Babu Lal MarandiJharkhand
24Kerala Congress (M)KC(M)1979C.F. ThomasKerala
25Lok Janshakti PartyLJP2000Ram Vilas PaswanBihar
26Maharashtra Navnirman SenaMNS2006Raj ThackerayMaharashtra
27Maharashtrawadi Gomantak PartyMGP1963Shashikala KakodkarGoa
28Manipur State Congress PartyMSCP1997Wahengbam NipamachaManipur
29Mizo National FrontMNF1959Pu ZoramthangaMizoram
30Mizoram People's ConferenceMPC1972Pu LalhmingthangaMizoram
31Naga People's FrontNPF2002Neiphiu RioManipur, Nagaland
32National People's PartyNPP2013Agatha SangmaMeghalaya
33Pattali Makkal KatchiPMK1989G. K. ManiPuducherry, Tamil Nadu
34People's Party of ArunachalPPA1987Tomo RibaArunachal Pradesh
35Rashtriya Janata DalRJD1997Lalu Prasad YadavBihar, Jharkhand
36Rashtriya Lok DalRLD1996Ajit SinghUttar Pradesh
37Rashtriya Lok Samta PartyRLSP2013Upendra KushwahaBihar
38Revolutionary Socialist PartyRSP1940T. J. ChandrachoodanKerala, West Bengal
39Samajwadi PartySP1992Mulayam Singh YadavUttar Pradesh
40Shiromani Akali DalSAD1920Parkash Singh BadalPunjab
41Shiv SenaSS1966Uddhav ThackerayMaharashtra
42Sikkim Democratic FrontSDF1993Pawan Kumar ChamlingSikkim
43Sikkim Krantikari MorchaSKM2013Prem Singh TamangSikkim
44Telangana Rashtra SamithiTRS2001Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar RaoTelangana
45Telugu Desam PartyTDP1982N. Chandra Babu NaiduAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
46United Democratic PartyUDP1972Donkupar RoyMeghalaya
47YSR Congress PartyYSRCP2011Y. S. Jaganmohan ReddyAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
48Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)SJP1990Chandra ShekharUttar Pradesh

Unrecognised

Unrecognised registered notable parties as of 16 September 2014
NameAbbreviationFoundation
Year
Current leader(s)States/UT
All India Samathuva Makhal KatchiAISMK2007R. SarathkumarTamil Nadu
Amra BangaliAMB1983Prabhat Ranjan SarkarWest Bengal
Bharatiya Minorities Suraksha MahasanghBMSM1994Haji Mastan MirzaMaharashtra
The Future India PartyFIP2012SubiTamil Nadu
Indhiya Jananayaga KatchiIJK

2010

T.R. Pachamuthu

Tamil Nadu

Jai Samaikyandhra PartyJSP2014Nallari Kiran Kumar ReddyAndhra Pradesh
Jana Sena PartyJSP2014Pawan KalyanAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
Jan Shakti Party of IndiaJSPI2015Gurjeet Singh AzadPunjab
Kongunadu Makkal Desia KatchiKMDK2013E. R. EswaranTamil Nadu
Kongunadu Makkal KatchiKMK2001A.M. RajaTamil Nadu
Kongunadu Munnetra KazhagamKNMK2001Kangayam ThangavelTamil Nadu
Lok Satta PartyLSP2006Jayaprakash NarayanAndhra Pradesh, Telangana
Rayalaseema Parirakshana SamithiRPS2013Byreddy Rajasekhar ReddyAndhra Pradesh
Manipur Peoples PartyMPP1968Sovakiran N.Manipur
Manithaneya Makkal KatchiMMK2009M. H. JawahirullahTamil Nadu
Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra KazhagamMDMK1992VaikoTamil Nadu
Naam Tamilar KatchiNTK2010SeemanPuducherry, Tamil Nadu
Odisha JanmorchaOJM2013Pyarimohan MohapatraOdisha
Param Digvijay DalPDD2014Adhyatmik Neta Krishna Mohan Shankar YogiUttar Pradesh
Peace Party of IndiaPPI2008Mohamed AyubUttar Pradesh
Puthiya TamilagamPTK1996K. KrishnasamyTamil Nadu
Tamilnadu Kongu Ilaingar PeravaiKIP2001U. ThaniyarasuTamil Nadu
Uttarakhand Kranti DalUKD1979Kashi Singh AiryUttarakhand
Viduthalai Chiruthaigal KatchiVCK1972Thol. ThirumavalavanTamil Nadu
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