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L. Fry

L. FryDescription : L. (Leslie) Fry (February 16, 1882 – July 15, 1970) was the pen name of Paquita Louise de Shishmareff. Her name is given as Paquita Deshishmaref in the SSDI (Social Security Death Index). She was a pro-Christian, activist, who is primarily known for her authorship of Waters Flowing Eastward (1931), which asserts that Jews were to blame for both Capitalism and Bolshevism, and that it was primarily certain Jews who started World War I. She alleged that certain Freemasons were involved as well. ... Page:l1421

The Protocols
1905 2fnl Velikoe v malom i antikhrist.jpg
  • The Protocols of the Elders of Zion
  • Versions of The Protocols
  • Contemporary imprints of The Protocols
First publication of The Protocols
  • Programma zavoevaniya mira evreyami
Writers, editors, and publishers associated with The Protocols
  • Carl Ackerman · Boris Brasol
  • G. Butmi · Charles Coughlin
  • Natalie de Bogory · Denis Fahey
  • Henry Ford · L. Fry · Howell Gwynne
  • Harris Houghton · Pavel Krushevan
  • Victor Marsden · Sergei Nilus
  • George Shanks · Fyodor Vinberg
  • Clyde J. Wright
Debunkers of The Protocols
  • Vladimir Burtsev · Herman Bernstein
  • Norman Cohn · John S. Curtiss
  • Philip Graves · Michael Hagemeister
  • Pierre-André Taguieff · Lucien Wolf
Commentaries on The Protocols
  • The International Jew
  • The Cause of World Unrest
  • The Jewish Bolshevism
  • Mein Kampf
  • v
  • t
  • e

L. (Leslie) Fry (February 16, 1882 – July 15, 1970) was the pen name of Paquita Louise de Shishmareff. Her name is given as Paquita Deshishmaref in the SSDI (Social Security Death Index). She was a pro-Christian, activist, who is primarily known for her authorship of Waters Flowing Eastward (1931), which asserts that Jews were to blame for both Capitalism and Bolshevism, and that it was primarily certain Jews who started World War I. She alleged that certain Freemasons were involved as well. She postulated that the ultimate aim of these particular Jews and Freemasons was "World Domination". These conclusions were based in part on her study of the infamous Protocols of the Elders of Zion.

Family background

Leslie Fry's maiden name was Louise A. Chandor. She was born in Paris, the daughter of John Arthur Chandor (1850-1909) and Elizabeth (Red) Fry Ralston (1837-1929). Elizabeth married William Chapman Ralston (1826-1875) on May 20, 1858 in San Francisco. Soon after their marriage, W. C. Ralston rose to become a San Francisco banking and real estate magnate. In fact, W. C. Ralston became a living legend, who after his death (and even during his lifetime) was widely acclaimed as "the man who built San Francisco." However, their marriage was not a happy one, and it finally ended in disaster on August 27, 1875, when William drowned while swimming. After the settlement of her husband's estate, in December 1875 Elizabeth embarked on a steamer to Europe, intending to settle in Paris with her children. It is reported that she first met John Arthur Chandor on this steamer, and that he soon joined her in Paris, even though he had been recently married in New York City. It is not known at this time if J. A. Chandor and Elizabeth ever married, but nevertheless their friendship resulted in the birth of Louise A. Chandor (pen-name: Leslie Fry) in Paris on Feb. 16, 1882.

Early life in Europe and Russia

Louise married an officer in the Russian Imperial Army named Feodor Ivanovich Shishmarev in 1906 in St. Petersburg. The Shishmarev family was part of the Russian aristocracy. Feodor was murdered by Bolsheviks during the Russian Revolution, but before his murder he had the foresight to send his wife (who was now using her married name 'Paquita Louise de Shishmareff') with their two sons, and the family fortune, out of the country to safety. After leaving Russia, Paquita (Louise) resided shortly in Britain and Canada before moving to New York and finally to California. She was associated with fascist political circles during this period. Her wealth allowed her to financially support right-wing nationalists.

Activities in the United States and Europe, 1920–1970

Paquita met Henry Ford in or around 1920, and presented him with a copy of the Protocols of the Elders of Zion. She conceived the Protocols as part of a conspiracy theory according to which a group led by the "cultural Zionist" Asher Ginzberg plotted world domination. At the time Ginzberg supported an international Jewish cultural and political revival rather than a single Jewish state.

Antisemitic writer and Nazi ideologist Ernst Graf zu Reventlow named Fry as his source for his own view that Ginzberg was the author the Protocols. After Philip Graves provided evidence in The Times of London that the Protocols were plagiarised forgery, Reventlow published his support for Fry's theory in the periodical La Vieille France. Ginzberg's supporters sued Reventlow, who was forced to retract and pay damages.

Strongly opposed to Roosevelt's New Deal, Fry argued that it represented "the transformation of the Constitutional form of American government into that of the Kahal, or Jewish form of government. It has been called the New Deal and the Jew Deal. Both are correct and synonymous."

She was involved in various fascist organisations of the 1930s and founded the nationalist and isolationist Christian Free Press. She joined forces with Henry D. Allen in a failed attempt to revitalize the Ku Klux Klan. However she later accused him of misappropriating money from her.

In 1940 she fled to fascist Italy, but returned the US after the attack on Pearl Harbor. She was interned in Ellis Island and indicted for sedition, but charges were dropped and she was released after the end of the war.

Waters Flowing Eastward

Fry's major work, Waters Flowing Eastward (1931) attempted to prove that the Protocols were part of a plot to destroy Christian civilization. The apparent conflict between Communism and Capitalism was a smoke-screen for Jewish domination, as outlined in the Protocols. She compiled an elaborate chart detailing the claimed Jewish masterplan and linked it to earlier organisations including the Illuminati and leading to the League of Nations. Fry claimed that the Protocols of Zion were identified when "In 1884 the daughter of a Russian general, Mile. Justine Glinka, was endeavouring to serve her country in Paris by obtaining political information, which she communicated to General Orgevskii". A Jew called Joseph Schorst sold her a copy of the Protocols which eventually found its way into the hands of Sergei Nilus who published it.

Works

  • Library of Congress:
Akhad-Kham, Asher Gint︠s︡berg.
Taĭnyĭ vozhdʹ īudeĭskīĭ.: Perevod s frantsuzskago
[of Miss L. Fry by Th. Vinberg, being an attempt to prove
the "Protokoly Sīonskikh Mudret︠s︡ov"
published in a work by S. A. Nilus
to be a work by U. Ginzberg].
by Leslie Fry; Thedor Viktorovich Vinberg
Type: Microform
Language: Russian
Publisher: Berlin, 1922.
OCLC: 84780936
  • British Library:
System number 002659956
Author - personal NILUS, Sergei Aleksandrovich.
Title Протоколы Сіонскихъ Мудрецовъ, по тексту С. А. Нилуса. Всемирный тайный заговоръ.
[The text of the “Protocols” adapted from M. Joly’s
“Dialogue aux Enfers entre Machiavel et Montesquieu ... par un Contemporain”
taken from S. A. Nilus’s Великое въ Маломъ,
preceded by Miss L. Fry’s Ахадъ-Хамъ.
Тайный вождь іудейскій in Th. Vinberg’s translation,
being an attempt to prove the “Protocols” to be a work by U. Ginzberg,
with a preface to the whole by A. Rogovich.
With this there are two cuttings from “The Times” and one from “Послѣднія Извѣстія” on the subject.
With an illustration.]
Publisher/year Linkpp. 124. Берлинъ, 1922.
Physical descr. 8º.
Added name FRY, Leslie.
GINZBERG, Asher Zvi.
JOLY, Maurice.
ROGOVICH, A.
VINBERG, Thedor Viktorovich.
Holdings (All) Details
Shelfmark C.37.ee.2. Request
  • Waters Flowing Eastward
    • 1st Edition (Paris: Editions R.I.S.S., 1931)
    • 2nd Edition Revised 1933
    • 3rd Edition Revised 1934
    • 4th Edition Revised 1953
    • 5th Edition Enlarged 1965 Subtitle: The War Against the Kingship of Christ, (Denis Fahey's imprint)
    • 6th Edition 1988 (Copyright 1988 Flanders Hall Publishers)
    • 7th Edition 1998
    • Current [2007] Web edition.
  • In Defense of Youth
  • Will the University of California be Seized by Communists?
  • Planned Economy
  • The New Order
  • California Betrayed
  • various pamphlets on Zionism
  • Who Put Hitler in Power
  • article(s)
in Women's Voice
ed. by Mrs. Van Hyning
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