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Honjō Castle

Honjō CastleDescription : Honjō Castle (本荘城, Honjō-jō) is a Japanese castle located in Yurihonjō, southern Akita Prefecture, Japan. At the end of the Edo period, Honjō Castle was home to the Rokugō clan, daimyō of Honjō Domain. The castle was also known as "Tsurumai-jō" (鶴舞城) or "Ozaki-jō" (尾崎城).Tateoka Mitsushige, a vassal of Mogami Yoshiaki during the Sengoku Period, erected Honjō Castle in 1610 on a hill in the center of the Yuri region of central Dewa Province as the administrative center of his 45,000 koku domain... Page:h

Honjō Castle
本荘城
Yurihonjō, Akita Prefecture, Japan
Honjō Park 001.jpg
Reconstructed gate of Honjō Castle
CoordinatesCoordinates: 39°23′5.49″N 140°2′50.9″E / 39.3848583°N 140.047472°E / 39.3848583; 140.047472
Typehirayama-style Japanese castle
Site information
Open to
the public
yes
Site history
Built1610
Built byTateoka Mitsushige,
rebuilt by Rokugō Masanori
In useEdo period
Demolished1868

Honjō Castle (本荘城, Honjō-jō) is a Japanese castle located in Yurihonjō, southern Akita Prefecture, Japan. At the end of the Edo period, Honjō Castle was home to the Rokugō clan, daimyō of Honjō Domain. The castle was also known as "Tsurumai-jō" (鶴舞城) or "Ozaki-jō" (尾崎城).

History

Tateoka Mitsushige, a vassal of Mogami Yoshiaki during the Sengoku Period, erected Honjō Castle in 1610 on a hill in the center of the Yuri region of central Dewa Province as the administrative center of his 45,000 koku domain. However, the Mogami were dispossessed by the Tokugawa shogunate in 1622, with the majority of their holdings going to the Satake clan, who were transferred from Hitachi Province to their new (and much smaller) holdings at Kubota Domain. At that time, Rokugō Masanori, a minor daimyo with many scattered holdings, was also transferred to Dewa Province, and his holdings were concentrated into the compact 20,000 koku Honjō Domain, which his descendants ruled for 11 generations to the Meiji restoration.

During the Boshin War, Honjō Domain sided with the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei, and Honjō Castle was attacked and destroyed by forces of the led by the pro-imperial forces of Shōnai Domain in August 1868.

Description

Honjō Castle was built in three concentric layers on a low hill, with the main bailey in the center at the highest elevation, and the second bailey and third bailey forming terraces built by earthwork rather than stone walls, and each surrounded by a moat.

The ruins of the site are now part of Honjō Castle Park (本荘城公園, Honjō-jō-kōen), where a portion of the moats, earthworks and a gate have been reconstructed.

A section of the moat around Honjō Castle.

Literature

  • Schmorleitz, Morton S. (1974). Castles in Japan. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle Co. pp. 144–145. ISBN 0-8048-1102-4. 
  • Motoo, Hinago (1986). Japanese Castles. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 200 pages. ISBN 0-87011-766-1. 
  • Mitchelhill, Jennifer (2004). Castles of the Samurai: Power and Beauty. Tokyo: Kodansha. p. 112 pages. ISBN 4-7700-2954-3. 
  • Turnbull, Stephen (2003). Japanese Castles 1540-1640. Osprey Publishing. p. 64 pages. ISBN 1-84176-429-9. 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Honjō Park.
  • Yurihonjo City HP
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