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Emmanuel Goffi

Emmanuel GoffiDescription : Emmanuel Roberto Goffi (born December 10, 1971) is a French Air Force Officer (Captain). He is a philosopher, an ethicist and a specialist in international relations. He currently is an Instructor and Research Fellow at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba in Canada. His work mainly focuses on military ethics and security studies, and more specifically on the robotization of the battlefield.Capt. Goffi lectured in international relations and the Law of Armed Conflict at the French A... Page:e

Emmanuel Goffi
E.Goffi 2010 Salon.JPG
E. Goffi in Salon-de-Provence, France, 2010
Born(1971-12-10) December 10, 1971 (age 43)
Lausanne, Switzerland
Nationality France
EducationInstitut d'études politiques de Paris
Institut d'études politiques d'Aix-en-Provence
(French Air Force Academy)
OccupationFrench Air Force Officer
Notable workEthics
International relations
Political science

Emmanuel Roberto Goffi (born December 10, 1971) is a French Air Force Officer (Captain). He is a philosopher, an ethicist and a specialist in international relations. He currently is an Instructor and Research Fellow at the University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba in Canada. His work mainly focuses on military ethics and security studies, and more specifically on the robotization of the battlefield.

Capt. Goffi lectured in international relations and the Law of Armed Conflict at the French Air Force Academy for five years before he was appointed as a research associate at the Center for Aerospace Strategic Studies in Paris. Goffi also taught international relations at the DSI Diplomatic Studies Institute in Marseille, at the Management Institute of Paris and at the École supérieure de commerce et management (ESCEM) in Paris. He is the author of Les armées françaises face à la morale: une réflexion au cœur des conflits modernes (Paris : L’Harmattan, 2011).

Emmanuel Goffi graduated from the French Air Force Military Academy and holds a Master's degree in Political Science from the Paris Institute of Political Science (Sciences Po) and a Research Master's degree in Political Science from the Aix Institute of Political Science. He is currently doing a PhD in Political Science at the Paris Institute of Political Science (Sciences Po-CERI).

Military career

Emmanuel Goffi joined the French Air Force in 1992 as a non-commissioned officer and specialist in electrotechnics.

After a competitive exam he was admitted to join the French Air Force Military Academy in Salon de Provence in 2000.

Officer, specialist in international relations and communication he occupied positions as analyst, writer, lecturer and research associate in Paris and Salon de Provence.

Research

After two years in Science Po, during which he spent one semester at the University of Queensland in Brisbane, QLD, Australia, he started working on international relations focusing on military ethics. He then directed is research activities on ethical issues related to the use of drones and military robots in modern conflicts, and its impact upon the profession of arms.

Through moral philosophy, he tries to offer new approaches for military ethics basing his reflections upon intersubjectivity, moral responsibility, and moral freedom.

Captain Goffi is currently writing a dissertation about supreme-sacrifice trying to show that the obligation to consent to sacrifice is a social construct which needs to be questioned in regard to modern military engagements.

Emmanuel Goffi is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Defence and Security Studies, University of Manitoba (Canada).

Teaching activities

Emmanuel Goffi in Quantico in 2012.

Goffi mainly taught international relations focusing on threats to international security such as terrorism, environmental or technology issues, but also on French foreign policy, and international relations theories.

While posted at the French Air Force Academy he also provided courses on the law of armed conflicts and international relations ethics. He extensively worked on the organization of the international seminar on the law of armed conflicts (LOAC) yearly held at the French Air Force Academy, and on the building of the French Air Force Academy's LOAC module and its integration to the "European initiative for the exchange of young officers inspired by Erasmus" training program.

Works

Monograph

  • Les armées françaises face à la morale. Une réflexion au cœur des conflits modernes, Paris: L'Harmattan, coll. Histoire de la Défense, 2011, 216 p. (ISBN 978-2296542495)

Edited volumes

  • Sébastien MAZOYER, Jérôme LESPINOIS, Emmanuel GOFFI, Grégory BOUTHERIN, Christophe PAJON (coord.). Les drones aériens : passé, présent et avenir. Approche globale. Paris : La Documentation française, coll. Stratégie aérospatiale, 2013. 708 p. (ISBN 978-2110093769)
  • Grégory BOUTHERIN, Emmanuel GOFFI (dir.). L'Europe et sa défense. Paris : Choiseul, 2011. 280 p. (ISBN 978-2361590109)
  • Emmanuel GOFFI, Grégory BOUTHERIN (dir.). Les conflits et le droit. Paris: Choiseul, 2011. 200 p. (ISBN 978-2361590161)

Selected articles and books chapters

  • Du robot-guerrier au guerrier-robot, de l'humain au post-humain. PDF Les carnets du temps, No. 108, septembre 2014. p. 22-23..
  • Combattre à distance : le courage au centre du débat éthique. Revue Défense Nationale, No. 771, Juin 2014. p. 109-112.
  • The Ibar Bridge Attack: A Moral Assessment. Journal of Military Ethics, Vol. 12, No. 4, January 2014. p. 380-382.
  • There is No Real Obligation to Obey Orders: Escaping from 'Low Cost Deontology'. In Andrea ELLNER, Paul ROBINSON, David WHETHAM (Eds). When Soldiers Say No: Selective Conscientious Objection in the Modern Military. Aldershot, England: Ashgate, 2013. p. 43-68.
  • Robots de combat et morale : anticiper la responsabilité. PDF Penser les ailes françaises, No. 29, December 2013. p. 28-37.
  • The Use of Warbots: A Matter of Moral Responsibility. PDF Dynamiques internationales, 'Robots on the Battlefield: What does it mean for international relations?', No. 8, June 2013.
  • Drones aériens de combat et morale: Survol et éléments de réflexions. PDF In Sébastien MAZOYER, Jérôme LESPINOIS, Emmanuel GOFFI, Grégory BOUTHERIN, Christophe PAJON (coord.). Les drones aériens : passé, présent et avenir. Approche globale. Paris : La Documentation française, coll. Stratégie aérospatiale, 2013. p. 349-368.
  • Leadership in a World of Blurred Responsibilities. PDF In Paolo TRIPODI, Carroll J. CONNELLEY (eds.). Aspects of Leadership: Ethics, Law and Spirituality. Quantico VA: Marine Corps University Press, 2012. p. 87-110.
  • The Morality of Lethal Autonomous Machines. PDF CRUSER News, issue 14, April 2012.
  • Morale, éthique et puissance aérospatiale. PDF In Grégory BOUTHERIN, Camille GRAND (dir.). Envol vers 2025. Réflexions prospectives sur la puissance aérospatiale. Paris: Documentation française, coll. Stratégie aérospatiale, 2011. p. 103-116.
  • Emmanuel GOFFI, Grégory BOUTHERIN. Le droit des conflits armés à l'épreuve de la technologie. Défense & Sécurité Internationale, No 72, juillet-août 2011. p. 34-38.
  • Expression libre. Inflexions. Civils et militaires : pouvoir dire, No. 22, 'Courage !' janvier2013. p. 119-127.
  • Grégory BOUTHERIN, Emmanuel GOFFI. Les UAVs armés sous le feu des débats. Revue Défence Nationale, No. 735, décembre 2010. p. 114-120.

Selected talks

Emmanuel Goffi in Spain in 2010.
  • Military drones: Who will be responsible for what?. Manitoba chapter of the Canadian Aviation Historical Society's Speaker Event 'Drone Technology'. Royal Aviation Museum of Western Canada, Winnipeg MB, Canada, April 30, 2015.
  • Moralité et drones armés : pour en finir avec une vision dépassée de la guerre. 6e Rencontre internationale Université-Défense 'Les drones : un outil incontournable, des questions légitimes'. Institut militaire de Québec/Université Laval, Québec QC, Canada.
  • (French) Le débat éthique sur l'emploi des drones armés et ses limites (lit. The ethical debate on the use of drones and its limits), Fondation pour la recherche stratégique, Maison de la Chimie, Paris, France, June 30, 2014.
  • Round table L'Homme face à l'interconnexion des systèmes. 8e Rencontre Aviation Civile Aviation Militaire 'L'Homme et l'aéronautique : Regards croisés vers le futur', Direction générale de l'aviation civile, Paris, France, June 4, 2014.
  • Drones, Robotics, Combat and the Ethics of Military Courage, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg MB, Canada. February 5, 2014.
  • (French) Quelle place pour l'éthique dans la guerre des drones? (lit. What place for ethics in drone warfare?), at ANAJ-IHEDN, France, January 2014
  • The Legitimacy of Warfare Fought by Robots: The Raise of A-Courageous Warriors, Autonomous, Unmanned Systems & Robotics Conference, Yes Planet Hall, Rishon LeZion, Israel. November 26–28, 2013.
  • Re-Thinking Courage in Light of Military Technology Improvement, International Society for Military Ethics, 2013 Conference Military Virtues and Contemporary Challenges, University of Notre Dame, South Bend, IN, United States of America. October 13–16, 2013.
  • Lethal Autonomous Robotics and the Right to Life: Expert Consultation with the UN Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Christof Heyns, European University Institute, Florence, Italy. February 23, 2013.
  • Challenging Self-sacrifice - Is Technology the Executioner of Warrior's Honor? 17th International Conference of the Society for Philosophy and Technology, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA. May 26–29, 2011.
  • Ethics and Technology in Modern Warfare: a Matter of Responsibility. International Society for Military Ethics, 2011 Symposium The Ethics of Emerging Military Technologies, University of San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States of America. January 25–28, 2011.
  • The Impact of Technology on Self Sacrifice in Modern Conflicts - Are Soldiers Still Ready to Die? Postgraduate Conference, King's College/Department of War Studies, Cumberland Lodge, Berkshire, UK. October 6–8, 2010.
  • The False Debate over the Morality of Robots on the Battlefield - Rediscovering the Principle of Responsibility. Expert Workshop on Arms Control for Robots - International Committee for Robots Arms Control, Humboldt-Universität, Berlin, Germany. September 20–22, 2010.
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