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Cy Young Award

Cy Young AwardDescription : The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL). The award was first introduced in 1956 by Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967, after the retirement of Frick, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.Each league's award is voted on b... Page:c101

Cy Young Award
Cy Young Award.jpg
The Cy Young Award
Awarded forMajor League Baseball's Best Regular Season Pitcher
CountryUnited States
Presented byBaseball Writers' Association of America
First awarded1956
Currently held byJake Arrieta, National League
Dallas Keuchel, American League

The Cy Young Award is given annually to the best pitchers in Major League Baseball (MLB), one each for the American League (AL) and National League (NL). The award was first introduced in 1956 by Baseball Commissioner Ford Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award was originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, but in 1967, after the retirement of Frick, the award was given to one pitcher in each league.

Each league's award is voted on by members of the Baseball Writers' Association of America, with one representative from each team. As of the 2010 season, each voter places a vote for first, second, third, fourth and fifth place among the pitchers of each league. The formula used to calculate the final scores is a weighted sum of the votes. The pitcher with the highest score in each league wins the award. If two pitchers receive the same number of votes, the award is shared. The current formula started in the 2010 season. Before that, dating back to 1970, writers voted for three pitchers, with the formula of 5 points for a first place vote, 3 for a second place vote and 1 for a third place vote. Prior to 1970, writers only voted for the best pitcher and used a formula of one point per vote.

History

Cy Young, for whom the award is named

The Cy Young Award was first introduced in 1956 by Commissioner of Baseball Ford C. Frick in honor of Hall of Fame pitcher Cy Young, who died in 1955. The award would be given to pitchers only. Originally given to the single best pitcher in the major leagues, the award changed its format over time. From 1956 to 1966, the award was given to one pitcher in Major League Baseball. After Frick retired in 1967, William Eckert became the new Commissioner of Baseball. Due to fan requests, Eckert announced that the Cy Young Award would be given out both in the American League and the National League. From 1956 to 1958, a pitcher was not allowed to win the award on more than one occasion; this rule was eliminated in 1959. After a tie in the 1969 voting for the AL Cy Young Award, the process was changed, in which each writer was to vote for three different pitchers: the first-place vote received five points, the second-place vote received three points, and the third-place vote received one point.

The first recipient of the Cy Young Award was Don Newcombe of the Dodgers. In 1957, Warren Spahn became the first left-handed pitcher to win the award. In 1963, Sandy Koufax became the first pitcher to win the award in a unanimous vote; two years later he became the first multiple winner. In 1978, Gaylord Perry (age 40) became the oldest pitcher to receive the award, a record that stood until broken in 2004 by Roger Clemens (age 42). The youngest recipient was Dwight Gooden (age 20 in 1985). In 2012, R.A. Dickey became the first knuckleball pitcher to win the award.

In 1974, Mike Marshall won the award, becoming the first relief pitcher to win the award. In 1992, Dennis Eckersley was the first modern closer (first player to be used almost exclusively in ninth inning situations) to win the award, and since then only one other relief pitcher has won the award, Éric Gagné in 2003 (also a closer). A total of nine relief pitchers have won the Cy Young Award across both leagues.

Steve Carlton in 1982 became the first pitcher to win more than three Cy Young Awards, while Greg Maddux in 1994 became the first to win at least three in a row (and received a fourth straight the following year), a feat later repeated by Randy Johnson.

Winners

Key
YearEach year is linked to an article about that Major League Baseball season.
ERAEarned run average
*Also named Most Valuable Player (10 occurrences as of 2015)
**Also named Rookie of the Year (1 occurrence as of 2015, by Fernando Valenzuela)
Member of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum (20 individuals as of 2015)

Major Leagues combined (1956–1966)

Don Newcombe, the first ever winner
YearPitcherTeamRecordSavesERAKs
1956Newcombe, DonDon Newcombe*Brooklyn Dodgers (NL)27–703.06139
1957Spahn, WarrenWarren SpahnMilwaukee Braves (NL)21–1132.69111
1958Turley, BobBob TurleyNew York Yankees (AL)21–712.97168
1959Wynn, EarlyEarly WynnChicago White Sox (AL)22–1003.17179
1960Law, VernVern LawPittsburgh Pirates (NL)20–903.08120
1961Ford, WhiteyWhitey FordNew York Yankees (AL)25–403.21209
1962Drysdale, DonDon DrysdaleLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)25–912.84232
1963Koufax, SandySandy Koufax*Los Angeles Dodgers (NL)25–501.88306
1964Chance, DeanDean ChanceLos Angeles Angels (AL)20–941.65207
1965Koufax, SandySandy KoufaxLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)26–822.04382
1966Koufax, SandySandy KoufaxLos Angeles Dodgers (NL)27–901.73317

National League (1967–present)

Tom Glavine
John Smoltz
From 1991–1998 Greg Maddux, Tom Glavine, and John Smoltz combined for seven NL Cy Young Awards during their time with the Atlanta Braves and Chicago Cubs
Clayton Kershaw, three-time winner
Tim Lincecum, two-time winner
R.A. Dickey, the first knuckleball pitcher to win the award
YearPitcherTeamRecordSavesERAKs
1967McCormick, MikeMike McCormickSan Francisco Giants22–1002.85150
1968Gibson, BobBob Gibson*St. Louis Cardinals22–901.12268
1969Seaver, TomTom SeaverNew York Mets25–702.21208
1970Gibson, BobBob GibsonSt. Louis Cardinals23–703.12274
1971Jenkins, FergusonFerguson JenkinsChicago Cubs24–1302.77263
1972Carlton, SteveSteve CarltonPhiladelphia Phillies27–1001.98310
1973Seaver, TomTom SeaverNew York Mets19–1002.08251
1974Marshall, MikeMike MarshallLos Angeles Dodgers15–12212.42143
1975Seaver, TomTom SeaverNew York Mets22–902.38243
1976Jones, RandyRandy JonesSan Diego Padres22–1402.7493
1977Carlton, SteveSteve CarltonPhiladelphia Phillies23–1002.64198
1978Perry, GaylordGaylord PerrySan Diego Padres21–602.73154
1979Sutter, BruceBruce SutterChicago Cubs6–6372.22110
1980Carlton, SteveSteve CarltonPhiladelphia Phillies24–902.34286
1981Valenzuela, FernandoFernando Valenzuela**Los Angeles Dodgers13–702.48180
1982Carlton, SteveSteve CarltonPhiladelphia Phillies23–1103.11286
1983Denny, JohnJohn DennyPhiladelphia Phillies19–602.37139
1984Sutcliffe, RickRick SutcliffeChicago Cubs16–102.69155
1985Gooden, DwightDwight GoodenNew York Mets24–401.53268
1986Scott, MikeMike ScottHouston Astros18–1002.22306
1987Bedrosian, SteveSteve BedrosianPhiladelphia Phillies5–3402.8374
1988Hershiser, OrelOrel HershiserLos Angeles Dodgers23–812.26178
1989Davis, MarkMark DavisSan Diego Padres4–3441.8592
1990Drabek, DougDoug DrabekPittsburgh Pirates22–602.76131
1991Glavine, TomTom GlavineAtlanta Braves20–1102.55192
1992Maddux, GregGreg MadduxChicago Cubs20–1102.18199
1993Maddux, GregGreg MadduxAtlanta Braves20–1002.36197
1994Maddux, GregGreg MadduxAtlanta Braves16–601.56156
1995Maddux, GregGreg MadduxAtlanta Braves19–201.63181
1996Smoltz, JohnJohn SmoltzAtlanta Braves24–802.94276
1997Martínez, PedroPedro MartínezMontreal Expos17–801.90305
1998Glavine, TomTom GlavineAtlanta Braves20–602.47157
1999Johnson, RandyRandy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks17–902.49364
2000Johnson, RandyRandy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks19–702.64347
2001Johnson, RandyRandy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks21–602.49372
2002Johnson, RandyRandy JohnsonArizona Diamondbacks24–502.32334
2003Gagne, EricEric GagneLos Angeles Dodgers2–3551.20137
2004Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensHouston Astros18–402.98218
2005Carpenter, ChrisChris CarpenterSt. Louis Cardinals21–502.83213
2006Webb, BrandonBrandon WebbArizona Diamondbacks16–803.10178
2007Peavy, JakeJake PeavySan Diego Padres19–602.54240
2008Lincecum, TimTim LincecumSan Francisco Giants18–502.62265
2009Lincecum, TimTim LincecumSan Francisco Giants15–702.48261
2010Halladay, RoyRoy HalladayPhiladelphia Phillies21–1002.44219
2011Kershaw, ClaytonClayton KershawLos Angeles Dodgers21–502.28248
2012Dickey, R.A.R.A. DickeyNew York Mets20–602.73230
2013Kershaw, ClaytonClayton KershawLos Angeles Dodgers16–901.83232
2014Kershaw, ClaytonClayton Kershaw*Los Angeles Dodgers21–301.77239
2015Arrieta, JakeJake ArrietaChicago Cubs22–601.77236

American League (1967–present)

CC Sabathia, one-time winner
Pedro Martínez, three-time winner
Justin Verlander won the AL Cy Young, AL Pitching Triple Crown, and AL MVP in 2011.
Johan Santana, two-time winner
Zack Greinke, one-time winner
Corey Kluber, one-time winner
YearPitcherTeamRecordSavesERAKs
1967Lonborg, JimJim LonborgBoston Red Sox22–903.16246
1968McLain, DennyDenny McLain*Detroit Tigers31–601.96280
1969Cuellar, MikeMike CuellarBaltimore Orioles23–1102.38182
1969McLain, DennyDenny McLainDetroit Tigers24–902.80181
1970Perry, JimJim PerryMinnesota Twins24–1203.04168
1971Blue, VidaVida Blue*Oakland Athletics24–801.82301
1972Perry, GaylordGaylord PerryCleveland Indians24–1611.92234
1973Palmer, JimJim PalmerBaltimore Orioles22–912.40168
1974Hunter, CatfishCatfish HunterOakland Athletics25–1202.49143
1975Palmer, JimJim PalmerBaltimore Orioles23–1112.09193
1976Palmer, JimJim PalmerBaltimore Orioles22–1302.51159
1977Lyle, SparkySparky LyleNew York Yankees13–5262.1768
1978Guidry, RonRon GuidryNew York Yankees25–301.74248
1979Flanagan, MikeMike FlanaganBaltimore Orioles23–903.08190
1980Stone, SteveSteve StoneBaltimore Orioles25–703.23149
1981Fingers, RollieRollie Fingers*Milwaukee Brewers6–3281.0461
1982Vuckovich, PetePete VuckovichMilwaukee Brewers18–603.34105
1983Hoyt, LaMarrLaMarr HoytChicago White Sox24–1003.66148
1984Hernández, WillieWillie Hernández*Detroit Tigers9–3321.92112
1985Saberhagen, BretBret SaberhagenKansas City Royals20–602.87158
1986Clemens, RogerRoger Clemens*Boston Red Sox24–402.48238
1987Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensBoston Red Sox20–902.97256
1988Viola, FrankFrank ViolaMinnesota Twins24–702.64193
1989Saberhagen, BretBret SaberhagenKansas City Royals23–602.16193
1990Welch, BobBob WelchOakland Athletics27–602.95127
1991Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensBoston Red Sox18–1002.62241
1992Eckersley, DennisDennis Eckersley*Oakland Athletics7–1511.9193
1993McDowell, JackJack McDowellChicago White Sox22–1003.37158
1994Cone, DavidDavid ConeKansas City Royals16–502.94132
1995Johnson, RandyRandy JohnsonSeattle Mariners18–202.48294
1996Hentgen, PatPat HentgenToronto Blue Jays20–1003.22177
1997Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensToronto Blue Jays21–702.05292
1998Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensToronto Blue Jays20–602.65271
1999Martínez, PedroPedro MartínezBoston Red Sox23–402.07313
2000Martínez, PedroPedro MartínezBoston Red Sox18–601.74284
2001Clemens, RogerRoger ClemensNew York Yankees20–303.51213
2002Zito, BarryBarry ZitoOakland Athletics23–502.75182
2003Halladay, RoyRoy HalladayToronto Blue Jays22–703.25204
2004Santana, JohanJohan SantanaMinnesota Twins20–602.61265
2005Colón, BartoloBartolo ColónLos Angeles Angels21–803.48157
2006Santana, JohanJohan SantanaMinnesota Twins19–602.77265
2007Sabathia, CCCC SabathiaCleveland Indians19–703.21209
2008Lee, CliffCliff LeeCleveland Indians22–302.54170
2009Greinke, ZackZack GreinkeKansas City Royals16–802.16242
2010Hernández, FélixFélix HernándezSeattle Mariners13–1202.27232
2011Verlander, JustinJustin Verlander*Detroit Tigers24–502.40250
2012Price, DavidDavid PriceTampa Bay Rays20–502.56205
2013Scherzer, MaxMax ScherzerDetroit Tigers21–302.90240
2014Kluber, CoreyCorey KluberCleveland Indians18–902.44269
2015Keuchel, DallasDallas KeuchelHouston Astros20–802.48216

Multiple winners

With 7, Roger Clemens has the most Cy Young Awards of all time.
Randy Johnson, five-time winner

There have been 17 pitchers who have won the award multiple times. Roger Clemens currently holds the record for the most awards won, with seven. Greg Maddux (1992–1995) and Randy Johnson (1999–2002) share the record for the most consecutive awards won. Clemens, Johnson, Pedro Martínez, Gaylord Perry, and Roy Halladay are the only pitchers to have won the award in both the American League and National League; Sandy Koufax is the only pitcher who won multiple awards during the period when only one award was presented for all of Major League Baseball. Roger Clemens was the youngest pitcher to win a second Cy Young Award, while Tim Lincecum is the youngest pitcher to do so in the National League and Clayton Kershaw is the youngest left-hander to do so. Clayton Kershaw is the youngest pitcher to win a third Cy Young Award.

Pitcher# of AwardsYears
Roger Clemens71986, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1998, 2001, 2004
Randy Johnson 51995, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002
Steve Carlton 41972, 1977, 1980, 1982
Greg Maddux 41992, 1993, 1994, 1995
Sandy Koufax 31963, 1965, 1966
Pedro Martínez 31997, 1999, 2000
Jim Palmer 31973, 1975, 1976
Tom Seaver 31969, 1973, 1975
Clayton Kershaw32011, 2013, 2014
Bob Gibson 21968, 1970
Tom Glavine 21991, 1998
Roy Halladay22003, 2010
Tim Lincecum22008, 2009
Denny McLain21968, 1969
Gaylord Perry 21972, 1978
Bret Saberhagen21985, 1989
Johan Santana22004, 2006

Wins by teams

Only four teams have never had a pitcher win the Cy Young Award. The Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers have won more than any other team with 12.

Team# of AwardsYears
Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers121956, 1962–1963, 1965–1966, 1974, 1981, 1988, 2003, 2011, 2013–2014
Milwaukee/Atlanta Braves71957, 1991, 1993–1996, 1998
Philadelphia Phillies71972, 1977, 1980, 1982–1983, 1987, 2010
Baltimore Orioles61969, 1973, 1975–1976, 1979–1980
Boston Red Sox61967, 1986–1987, 1991, 1999–2000
Arizona Diamondbacks51999–2002, 2006
Detroit Tigers51968–1969, 1984, 2011, 2013
New York Mets51969, 1973, 1975, 1985, 2012
New York Yankees51958, 1961, 1977–1978, 2001
Oakland Athletics51971, 1974, 1990, 1992, 2002
Chicago Cubs51971, 1979, 1984, 1992, 2015
Cleveland Indians41972, 2007–2008, 2014
Kansas City Royals41985, 1989, 1994, 2009
Minnesota Twins41970, 1988, 2004, 2006
San Diego Padres41976, 1978, 1989, 2007
Toronto Blue Jays41996–1998, 2003
Chicago White Sox31959, 1983, 1993
Houston Astros31986, 2004, 2015
San Francisco Giants31967, 2008–2009
St. Louis Cardinals31968, 1970, 2005
Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim21964, 2005
Milwaukee Brewers21981–1982
Pittsburgh Pirates21960, 1990
Seattle Mariners21995, 2010
Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals11997
Tampa Bay Rays12012
Cincinnati Reds0none
Colorado Rockies0none
Miami Marlins0none
Texas Rangers0none

Unanimous winners

There have been 17 players who unanimously won the Cy Young Award, for a total of 23 wins.

Five of these unanimous wins were accompanied with a win of the Most Valuable Player award (marked with * below; ** denotes that the player's unanimous win was accompanied with a unanimous win of the MVP).

In the National League, 11 players have unanimously won the Cy Young Award, for a total of 14 wins.

  • Sandy Koufax (1963*, 1965, 1966)
  • Greg Maddux (1994, 1995)
  • Bob Gibson (1968*)
  • Steve Carlton (1972)
  • Rick Sutcliffe (1984)
  • Dwight Gooden (1985)
  • Orel Hershiser (1988)
  • Randy Johnson (2002)
  • Jake Peavy (2007)
  • Roy Halladay (2010)
  • Clayton Kershaw (2014*)

In the American League, six players have unanimously won the Cy Young Award, for a total of nine wins.

  • Denny McLain (1968**)
  • Ron Guidry (1978)
  • Roger Clemens (1986*, 1998)
  • Pedro Martínez (1999, 2000)
  • Johan Santana (2004, 2006)
  • Justin Verlander (2011*)
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